Title: Role of the wolf in a deer decline in the Superior National Forest.
Author: Mech, L. David; Karns, Patrick D.
Source: Research Paper NC-148. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Station ID: RP-NC-148
Description: White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) declined in the Superior National Forest of Minnesota between 1968 and 1974. In a 3,000 km2 area of the poorest habitat, deer were decimated. Contributing factors were severe winters, deteriorating habitat, and wolves. Wolves killed older deer, but insufficient fawns were available to replace them.
Keywords: Canis lupus, wolf, Odocoileus virginianus, white-tailed deer, predation, prey, Minnesota, winter severity
View and Print this Publication (3.6 MB)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
- This publication may be available in hard copy. Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility
Mech, L. David; Karns, Patrick D. 1977. Role of the wolf in a deer decline in the Superior National Forest.. Research Paper NC-148. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station.