Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern
Help
 

GeoTreesearch


Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

(187.1 KB bytes)

Title: Effects of global climate change on biodiversity in forests of the Southern United States

Author: Devall, Margaret S.; Parresol, Bernard R.

Date: 1998

Source: The Productivity & Sustainability of Southern Forest Ecosystems in a Changing Environment. Edited by Mickler and Fox

Publication Series: Not categorized

Description:

Climate has not been stable in the past. Fluctuations of pine (Pinus) pollen in a 50,000-year sequence from Lake Tulane in Florida indicate that major vegetation shifts occurred during the last glacial cycle. Phases of pollen dominated by pine (indicating a wet climate) were interspersed with periods with plentiful oak (Quercus), ragweed, and marsh elder (Ambrosia type) populations (Grimm et al., 1993). During the Holocene (i.e., the last 12,000 years), climate has fluctuated with periods of cooler, warmer, wetter or drier weather than at present. The greatest changes in climate probably occurred during deglaciation, approxiamtely 12,500 to 11,000 years ago. However in parts of the United States great shifts in plant distribution and composition occurred during the past 120 years, mainly resulting from anthropogenic factors (Miller and Wigand,1994). From 1550 to 1850 a small ice age caused widespread starvation in Europe. Living things have been able to adapt to the warming since then, but widespread, rapid warming could be disastrous (Fajer and Bazzaz, 1992).

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Devall, Margaret S.; Parresol, Bernard R. 1998. Effects of global climate change on biodiversity in forests of the Southern United States. The Productivity & Sustainability of Southern Forest Ecosystems in a Changing Environment. Edited by Mickler and Fox

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.