You are here: Home
/ Publication Information
Title: The structure of recreation behavior
Author: More, Thomas A.; Averill, James R.
Source: Journal of Leisure Research. 35(4): 372-395.
Description: We present a meta-theoretical analysis of recreation concepts as an argument about organizing and explaining recreation behavior. Recreation activities are behavioral constructions that people build from both prototypic subsystems (those present in virtually all instances of the activity) and design subsystems (optional subsystems that adapt the activity to serve multiple goals). To explain the organizational structure of the behavior, we advocate a systems analysis that focuses on functions, mechanisms, and capacities, examined from biological, psychological and social perspectives. The resulting nine-cell matrix enables us to categorize common concepts in recreation research such as benefits, flow, and constraints in a way that is consistent with Aristotle's fourfold model of causation. A comprehensive explanation of an activity requires information about each of the matrix's cells, so that most of the commonly used concepts in recreation and leisure research provide complimentary rather than competing explanations.
Keywords: Recreation behavior, explanation, function, mechanism, capacity, benefits, constraints
View or Print this Publication (1.5 MB)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
- This publication may be available in hard copy. Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
More, Thomas A.; Averill, James R. 2003. The structure of recreation behavior. Journal of Leisure Research. 35(4): 372-395.
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility