Title: Restoring the longleaf pine ecosystem: The role of fire
Author: Barnett, James P.
Source: In: Proceedings of the 2001 National Silviculture Workshop, May 7-10, Hood River, OR., eds. Parker, Sharon; Hummel, Susan S., p. 33-37
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
Description: Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) ecosystems once occupied 90 million acres in the southern United States coastal plain. These firedependent ecosystems dominated a wide range of coastal plain sites, including dry uplands and low, wet flatlands. Today, less than 4 million acres remain, but these ecosystems represent significant components of the region's cultural heritage, ecological diversity, timber resources, and present essential habitat for many animal and plant communities. This ecosystem is also the favorite habitat for endangered species like the red-cockaded woodpecker and the gopher tortoise. Fire was an essential component of the original longleaf pine ecosystems. The landscapes were characterized by open stands of mature longleaf pine with a savanna-like understory that was biologically diverse. Recent improvements in the technology to artificially regenerate longleaf pine have stimulated interest in restoring longleaf pine on many sites. Long-term studies show that the frequent use of fire hastens initiation of height growth, reduces undesirable competing vegetation, and stimulates growth and development of the rich understory. Fire is, therefore, an important element in establishing the species and is critical to achieve and maintain the biologically diverse conditions that are characteristic of the ecosystem.
Keywords: Pinus palustris, regeneration, biological diversity, plantation establishment
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly
which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
XML: View XML
Barnett, James P. 2002. Restoring the longleaf pine ecosystem: The role of fire. In: Proceedings of the 2001 National Silviculture Workshop, May 7-10, Hood River, OR., eds. Parker, Sharon; Hummel, Susan S., p. 33-37
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility