Title: Comparison of macrostickies measurement methods
Author: Doshi, Mahendra R.; Moore, William J.; Venditti, R.A.; Copeland, K.; Chang, H.-M.; Putz, Hans-Joachim; Delagoutte, Thierry; Houtman, Carl; Tan, Freya; Davie, Lisa; Sauve, Gregg; Dahl, Tim; Robinson, Dave
Source: Progress in paper recycling. Vol. 12, no. 3 (May 2003): pages 34-43.
Description: Pulp containing PSA was prepared in the laboratory and blended with sticky-free pulp in four different proportions. The four pulps were then dewatered and shipped to four laboratories for the evaluation of macro stickies in terms of mm2/kg. Also, five pulp samples from specific locations in a deinking mill were dewatered and shipped to the same four laboratories. Methods used by these laboratories include: 1. Black ink method 2. INGEDE method 3. Enzyme digestion method 4. Blue dye method Details of these methods are presented in Appendices 1 to 4. All laboratories used slotted screens to separate macrostickies and other contaminants from the pulp. Screen slot size varied from 80 mm to 150 mm. In addition, researchers at FPL made handsheets directly from pulp samples without a screening step. Hydrophilic black ink, hydrophobic blue dye, or carbon black was used to improve contrast between contaminants and fibers. INGEDE method used alumina powder to distinguish between tacky and non- tacky contaminants. Interfering fiber bundles were removed by enzyme digestion by researchers at the CTP. All methods employed image analysis to determine the average number and size of contaminants. The details of the image analysis methods were not standardized. In view of the significant differences in the methods used to measure the concentration of macrostickies, it is not surprising to see considerable variations in actual values of stickies area reported by the participating groups. However, we were surprised to see excellent linear correlation among all methods for both laboratory as well as mill samples. As a result, we can conclude that any one of the methods seems to be suitable for monitoring stickies content but one cannot compare actual values from different methods as they may vary significantly.
Keywords: Adhesives, contaminants, enzymes, INGEDE, macrostickies, measurement methods, microstickies, recovered papers, stickies, pulping, pressure-sensitive adhesives, waste paper
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Doshi, Mahendra R.; Moore, William J.; Venditti, R.A.; Copeland, K.; Chang, H.-M.; Putz, Hans-Joachim; Delagoutte, Thierry; Houtman, Carl; Tan, Freya; Davie, Lisa; Sauve, Gregg; Dahl, Tim; Robinson, Dave 2003. Comparison of macrostickies measurement methods. Progress in paper recycling. Vol. 12, no. 3 (May 2003): pages 34-43.
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