Title: Indirect effects of recreation on wildlife
Author: Cole, David N.; Landres, Peter B.
Source: In: Knight, Richard L.; Gutzwiller , Kevin J ., eds. Wildlife and recreationists: coexistence through management and research. Washington, D.C.: Island Press: Chapter 11, 183-202
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
Description: Most of this book focuses on direct impacts to wildlife that result from contact with people. The purpose of our chapter is to provide a broad overview of the indirect influences that recreation has on wildlife. Recreational activities can change the habitat of an animal. This, in turn, affects the behavior, survival, reproduction, and distribution of individuals. Although more difficult to isolate and study, these indirect impacts may be as serious and long-lasting as direct impacts for many species.
Keywords: recreation, wildlife, habitats, impacts, human contact, coexistence
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Cole, David N.; Landres, Peter B. 1995. Indirect effects of recreation on wildlife. In: Knight, Richard L.; Gutzwiller , Kevin J ., eds. Wildlife and recreationists: coexistence through management and research. Washington, D.C.: Island Press: Chapter 11, 183-202
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