Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern
Help
 

GeoTreesearch


Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

(739 KB bytes)

Title: Nitrogen excess in North American ecosystems: predisposing factors, ecosystem responses, and management strategies

Author: Fenn, Mark E.; Poth, Mark A.; Aber, John D.; Baron, Jill S.; Bormann, Bernard T.; Johnson, Dale W.; Lemly, A. Dennis; McNulty, Steven G.; Ryan, Douglas F.; Stottlemyer, Robert

Date: 1998

Source: Ecological Applications 8(3):706-733

Publication Series: Not categorized

Description: Most forests in North America remain nitrogen limited, although recent studies have identified forested areas that exhibit symptoms of N excess, analogous to overfertilization of arable land. Nitrogen excess in watersheds is detrimental because of disruptions in plantlsoil nutrient relations, increased soil acidification and aluminum mobility, increased emissions of nitrogenous greenhouse gases from soil, reduced methane consumption in soil, decreased water quality, toxic effects on freshwater biota, and eutrophication of coastal marine waters. Elevated nitrate (NO3-) loss to groundwater or surface waters is the primary symptom of N excess. Additional symptoms include increasing N concentrations and higher N:nutrient ratios in foliage (i.e., N:Mg, N:P), foliar accumulation of amino acids or NO3-, and low soil C:N ratios. Recent nitrogen-fertilization studies in New England and Europe provide preliminary evidence that some forests receiving chronic N inputs may decline in productivity and experience greater mortality. Long-term fertilization at Mount Ascutney, Vermont, suggests that declining and slow N-cycling coniferous stands may be replaced by fast-growing and fast N-cycling deciduous forests.

Keywords: Atmospheric nitrogen deposition, eutrophication, forest ecosystems, nitrate leaching, nitrogen cycling, nztrogen saturation, soil acidification

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Fenn, Mark E.; Poth, Mark A.; Aber, John D.; Baron, Jill S.; Bormann, Bernard T.; Johnson, Dale W.; Lemly, A. Dennis; McNulty, Steven G.; Ryan, Douglas F.; Stottlemyer, Robert 1998. Nitrogen excess in North American ecosystems: predisposing factors, ecosystem responses, and management strategies. Ecological Applications 8(3):706-733

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.