Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern
Help
 

GeoTreesearch


Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

(2.5 MB bytes)

Title: Decision support for integrated landscape evaluation and restoration planning.

Author: Reynolds, Keith M.; Hessburg, Paul F.

Date: 2005

Source: Forest Ecology and Management. 207: 263-278

Publication Series: Not categorized

Description: The historical patterns of Inland Northwest United States forests have been dramatically altered by a little more than two centuries of human settlement and land use. Spatial patterns of forest structural conditions, tree species composition, snags and down wood, and temporal variation in these patterns, have been altered to such an extent that the natural ebb and flow of terrestrial habitats and their linkages has been disrupted. Closely coupled with these changes, fire and other disturbance processes in most dry and many mesic forest types have also shifted, with a bias for increased severity and extent. Here, in the context of planning restoration of some semblance of historical vegetation pattern-disturbance process interactions, we briefly revisit why it is theoretically sound to estimate the range and variation in historical forest spatial patterns. We call these estimates of range and variation, reference conditions or reference variation (RV), and discuss how forest managers might use them when evaluating current landscape patterns to identify changes that may have important ecological implications. We term such evaluations, departure analyses, and we describe how departure analysis is implemented in a decision support system (DSS) for integrated landscape evaluation and restoration planning. The initial phase of the DSS uses logic-based modeling to evaluate existing patterns of forest vegetation in subwatersheds of one ecoregion against a corresponding envelope of historical reference conditions for the same region, thereby highlighting key departures. The secondary planning phase uses results from the analysis phase in a decision model to prioritize watersheds for possible management actions related to landscape restoration and maintenance. We conclude from our example that there are at least two advantages to a decision-support approach that treats evaluation and planning as distinct but integrated phases: (1) the overall decision process is rendered conceptually simpler and (2) practical considerations of efficacy and feasibility of management actions can be easily accommodated.

Keywords: Criterion DecisionPlus, decision support, EMDS, historical range of variation, landscape evaluation, monitoring, NetWeaver, restoration, scenario planning

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Reynolds, Keith M.; Hessburg, Paul F. 2005. Decision support for integrated landscape evaluation and restoration planning. Forest Ecology and Management. 207: 263-278

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.