Title: Management of western dwarf mistletoe in ponderosa and Jeffrey pines in forest recreation areas
Author: Scharpf, Robert F.; Smith, Richard S.; Vogler, Detlev;
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-103. Berkeley, Calif.: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. 11 p
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Description: Pines on many high value recreational sites in the Western United States suffer damage and death from western dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium campylopodum Engelm.). Dwarf mistletoe alone, however, is not solely responsible. Other pests and environmental conditions interact with dwarf mistletoe to damage and kill trees. An integrated pest management approach can help solve dwarf mistletoe-pest related problems. The approach includes setting management goals, considering the combined effect of all other pests and environmental impacts, and using direct treatments aimed at lowering pest populations, preventing spread and infection, and reducing hazard. These direct treatment methods include individual tree removal, thinning, pruning, buffer strips, and use of resistant trees or non-host species. Indirect treatments such as irrigation, fertilization, vegetation management, and regulating human impacts can also be used to help alleviate environmental or physical stresses that weaken trees and make them more subject to pest impacts.
Keywords: western dwarf mistletoe, Arceuthobium campylopodum, integrated pest management, pest damage, control, forest recreational areas, Pinus ponderosa, P. jeffreyi
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly
which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
XML: View XML
Scharpf, Robert F.; Smith, Richard S.; Vogler, Detlev 1988. Management of western dwarf mistletoe in ponderosa and Jeffrey pines in forest recreation areas. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-103. Berkeley, Calif.: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. 11 p
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility