You are here: Home
/ Publication Information
Title: Potential roles of fish, birds, and water in swamp privet (Forestiera acuminata) seed dispersal
Author: Adams, Susan B.; Hamel, Paul B.; Connor, Kristina; Burke, Bryce; Gardiner, Emile S.; Wise, David
Source: Southeastern Naturalist, Vol. 64(4): 669-682
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Description: Forestiera acuminata (swamp privet) is a common wetland shrub/small tree native to the southeastern United States. We examined several possible dispersal avenues for the plant. We tested germination of seeds exposed to various treatments, including passage through Ictalurus punctatus (Channel Catfi sh) guts, and conducted other tests and observations to infer seed-dispersal pathways. Channel Catfi sh consumed swamp privet drupes and defecated viable seeds, confi rming that they are seed dispersers. Bombycilla cedrorum (Cedar Waxwings) ate the carbohydrate-rich drupes, and we predict that they disperse the seeds. We also inferred passive seed dispersal by water. Diverse dispersal pathways may allow for effective seed dispersal under a wide range of environmental conditions. Growing in wetlands and riparian areas, the plant experiences extreme annual variation in hydrologic conditions, which should infl uence the importance of the various dispersal pathways among years.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
XML: View XML
Adams, Susan B.; Hamel, Paul B.; Connor, Kristina; Burke, Bryce; Gardiner, Emile S.; Wise, David 2007. Potential roles of fish, birds, and water in swamp privet (Forestiera acuminata) seed dispersal. Southeastern Naturalist, Vol. 64(4): 669-682
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility