Title: Forest products research and development organizations in a worldwide setting: A review of structure, governance, and measures of performance of organizations outside the United States
Author: Ellefson, Paul V.; Kilgore, Michael A.; Skog, Kenneth E.; Risbrudt, Christopher D.
Source: General Technical Report FPL-GTR-172. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 106 pages.
Description: Located in 23 countries, 40 forest-products research and development organizations outside the United States were reviewed in 2004 and 2005. The intent was to obtain a better understanding of how such organizations are structured and administered and their performance judged. Investing over $600 million annually, the 40 organizations employed 7,000 to 7,500 scientists and supporting staff. Especially noteworthy about the organizations are the many ways in which they identify themselves (such as institutes, laboratories, centers); their long history of sustained involvement in forest products research; and their movement from public to private ownership (whole or in part). The distinction between public and private sector responsibility for research is blurry with these organizations, as often they have public sponsorship, yet private operation and management. They offer a wide range of services to clients yet have complex ownership and partnering arrangements. Their organizational structures are seemingly scrambled with forest product research subunits located within larger parent organizations (with broad multisector research responsibilities) and specialized services to a single major group of clients. These organizations have an intense desire to meet the needs of clients, and feature the following: synthesis of existing information as an important service; fees charged for services provided; strategic interest in clients located throughout the world; educational and degree-granting activities; multiple sources of income and revenue; diverse tandards for measuring performance; adept response to broad economic-social changes; multiple location of physical facilities; and differing degrees of publicly available information describing mission and operation of organizations.
Keywords: forest products research, research organizations, organization structure, conduct and performance, research institutes, management
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Ellefson, Paul V.; Kilgore, Michael A.; Skog, Kenneth E.; Risbrudt, Christopher D. 2007. Forest products research and development organizations in a worldwide setting: A review of structure, governance, and measures of performance of organizations outside the United States. General Technical Report FPL-GTR-172. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 106 pages.
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