Title: Agro-ecoregionalization of Iowa using multivariate geographical clustering
Author: Williams, Carol L.; Hargrove, William W.; Liebman, Matt; James, David E.
Source: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment Vol.123:161-174
Description: Agro-ecoregionalization is categorization of landscapes for use in crop suitability analysis, strategic agroeconomic development, risk analysis, and other purposes. Past agro-ecoregionalizations have been subjective, expert opinion driven, crop specific, and unsuitable for statistical extrapolation. Use of quantitative analytical methods provides an opportunity for delineation of agro-ecoregions in a more objective and reproducible manner, and with use of generalized crop-related environmental inputs offers an opportunity for delineation of regions with broader application. For this study, raster (cell-based) environmental data at 1 km scale were used in a multivariate geographic clustering process to delineate agroecozones. Environmental parameters included climatic, edaphic and topographic characteristics hypothesized to be generally relevant to many crops. Clustering was performed using five a priori grouping schemes of 5-25 agroecozones. Non-contiguous geographic zones were defined representing areas of similar crop-relevant environmental conditions. A red-green-blue color triplet was used for visualization of agroecozones as unique combinations of environmental factors. Concordance of the agroecozones with other widely used datasets was investigated using MapCurves, a quantitative goodness-of-fit method. The 5- and 25-agroecozone schemes had highest concordance with a map of major land resource areas and a map of major landform regions, with degree of fit judged to be good. The resulting agroecozones provide a framework for future rigorous hypothesis testing. Other applications include: quantitative evaluation of crop suitability at the landscape scale, environmental impact modeling and agricultural scenario building.
Keywords: Agroecopause, Agroecozone, MapCurves, Multivariate geographic clustering
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Williams, Carol L.; Hargrove, William W.; Liebman, Matt; James, David E. 2008. Agro-ecoregionalization of Iowa using multivariate geographical clustering. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment Vol.123:161-174
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