Title: Trace gas and particle emissions from domestic and industrial biofuel use and garbage burning in central Mexico
Author: Christian, T. J.; Yokelson, R. J.; Cardenas, B.; Molina, L. T.; Engling, G.; Hsu, S.-C.
Source: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. 9: 10101-10152.
Description: In central Mexico during the spring of 2007 we measured the initial emissions of 12 gases and the aerosol speciation for elemental and organic carbon (EC, OC), anhydrosugars, Cl-, NO-3 , and 20 metals from 10 cooking fires, four garbage fires, three brick making kilns, three charcoal making kilns, and two crop residue fires. Biofuel use has been estimated at over 2600 Tg/y. With several simple case studies we show that cooking fires can be a major, or the major, source of several gases and fine particles in developing countries. Insulated cook stoves with chimneys were earlier shown to reduce indoor air pollution and the fuel use per cooking task. We confirm that they also reduce the emissions of VOC pollutants per mass of fuel burned by about half. We did not detect HCN emissions from cooking fires in Mexico or Africa. Thus, if regional source attribution is based on HCN emissions typical for other types of biomass burning (BB), then biofuel use and total BB will be underestimated in much of the developing world. This is also significant because cooking fires are not detected from space.
Keywords: trace gas, emissions, biofuel
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Christian, T. J.; Yokelson, R. J.; Cardenas, B.; Molina, L. T.; Engling, G.; Hsu, S.-C. 2009. Trace gas and particle emissions from domestic and industrial biofuel use and garbage burning in central Mexico. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. 9: 10101-10152..