Title: Multiple-scale roost habitat comparisons of female Merriam's wild turkeys in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota
Author: Thompson, Daniel J.; Rumble, Mark A.; Flake, Lester D.; Lehman, Chad P.;
Source: Western North American Naturalist. 69(1): 26-34.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
Description: Because quantity and quality of roosting habitat can affect Merriam's Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo merriami) distribution, we described habitat characteristics of Merriam's turkey roost sites in the southern Black Hills of South Dakota. Varying proportions of Merriam's turkeys in the southern Black Hills depended on supplemental feed from livestock operations during the 2 winters of our study, whereas the remainder wintered in forested habitat away from supplemental feed. We compared characteristics of roost habitat occupied by female turkeys from both groups. We located turkeys with radio-transmitters in the early morning and late evening to find roost sites. Female Merriam's turkeys in the southern Black Hills roosted exclusively in ponderosa pine trees, primarily on the upper portions of ridges on easterly aspects. Generally, trees >30 cm diameter at breast height (dbh) were chosen for roosting, but turkeys also roosted in trees with smaller dbh. During winter months, turkeys that relied on supplemental feeding roosted adjacent to the ranch-farmstead where the supplemental food was located. Generally, these turkeys used the same roost site(s) throughout the winter, whereas turkeys that remained in the forest during winter used multiple roost sites. We suggest maintaining stands of trees >30 cm dbh on the upper portions of easterly aspects to provide suitable roosting habitat for female Merriam's Wild Turkeys in the southern Black Hills.
Keywords: Merriam's Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo merriami, roost, roost habitat, supplemental feeding, Black Hills, South Dakota
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
XML: View XML
Thompson, Daniel J.; Rumble, Mark A.; Flake, Lester D.; Lehman, Chad P. 2009. Multiple-scale roost habitat comparisons of female Merriam's wild turkeys in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. Western North American Naturalist. 69(1): 26-34.
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility