Title: Changes in the concentration, biodegradability, and fluorescent properties of dissolved organic matter during stormflows in coastal temperate watersheds
Author: Fellman, Jason B.; Hood, Eran; Edwards, Richard T.; D'Amore, David V.
Source: Journal of Geophysical Research GO1021
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) transport during storms is studied because it is important in the annual watershed export budget for dissolved organic carbon (DOC). We sampled stream water from two watersheds (upland and wetland-dominated) and three subcatchments (bog, forested wetland, and mineral forest) located within the wetland-dominated watershed during a fall and summer storm to investigate changes in the magnitude and chemical quality of DOM during stormflows. The percentage of biodegradable DOC (BDOC) decreased during both storms in the upland watershed, whereas percentage BDOC increased in the three wetland streams. Parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC) modeling of fluorescence excitation-emission matrices further showed that as stream water DOM concentrations increased during stormflows in the upland watershed, the contribution of protein-like fluorescence decreased and humic-like fluorescence increased. However, the contribution of protein-like fluorescence increased and humic-like fluorescence decreased slightly in the three wetland streams. These results indicate that shifts in the biodegradability and chemical quality of DOM are different for upland and wetland watersheds. Taken together, our findings suggest stormflows are responsible for substantial export of BDOC from coastal temperate watersheds. Moreover, we found that PARAFAC modeling of fluorescent DOM is an effective tool for elucidating shifts in the quality of stream water DOM during storms.
Keywords: Wetland watershed, stormflow, dissolved organic matter, dissolved organic carbon, fluorescence
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Fellman, Jason B.; Hood, Eran; Edwards, Richard T.; D'Amore, David V. 2009. Changes in the concentration, biodegradability, and fluorescent properties of dissolved organic matter during stormflows in coastal temperate watersheds. Journal of Geophysical Research.114:G01021. 14p.
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