Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern
Help
 

GeoTreesearch


Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

(369 KB)

Title: A simple physical model for forest fire spread

Author: Koo, E.; Pagni, P.; Woycheese, J.; Stephens, S.; Weise, D.; Huff, J.

Date: 2005

Source: In: Gottuk, D.; Lattimer, B., eds. 2005. Fire Safety Science Proceedings Eighth (8th) International Symposium International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS). Intl. Assoc. for Fire Safety Science, Boston, MA , Beijing: pp. 851-862

Publication Series: Book

Description: Based on energy conservation and detailed heat transfer mechanisms, a simple physical model for fire spread is presented for the limit of one-dimensional steady-state contiguous spread of a line fire in a thermally-thin uniform porous fuel bed. The solution for the fire spread rate is found as an eigenvalue from this model with appropriate boundary conditions through a fourth order Runge-Kutta method. Three experiments on fire spread are compared to the model simulations and good agreement is demonstrated. The comparisons with wind tunnel experiments on white birch fuel beds show that the physics in this model successfully evaluates wind and slope effects on the fire spread rate. The grassland fuel experiments with various fuel characteristics also compare well to the simulations. Limited comparison with data on fire spread in shrubs, obtained in China, also shows good agreement. These comparisons suggest that this model may serve as the basis for an improved operational model.

Keywords: forest fire, grasslands, chaparral, fire spread rate, thermally-thin fuel bed

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • You may send email to rschneider@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)

XML: View XML

Citation:


Koo, E.; Pagni, P.; Woycheese, J.; Stephens, S.; Weise, D.;Huff, J. 2005. A simple physical model for forest fire spread. In: Gottuk, D.; Lattimer, B., eds. 2005. Fire Safety Science Proceedings Eighth (8th) International Symposium International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS). Intl. Assoc. for Fire Safety Science, Boston, MA , Beijing: pp. 851-862

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.