You are here: Home
/ Publication Information
Title: The influence of prior experience on preference and performance of a cryptoparasitoid Scleroderma guani (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) on beetle hosts
Author: Li, Li; Miller, Daniel R.; Sun, Jianghua
Source: Eco. Entomology 34:725-734
Publication Series: Journal/Magazine Article (JRNL)
Description: 1. Numerous studies have reported the effects of learning or experience on parasitoid host preference and location. However, the integration of pre-imaginal and adult experiences on the subsequent host preference and adult/offspring performance has been rarely tested in host–parasite interactions. 2. We present direct evidence that theses two kinds of experiences affect host preference and related fitness in the polyphagous parasitoid, Scleroderma guani. Two colonies of parasitoids were reared on Monochamus alternatus and Saperda populnea (Cerambycidae: Lamiinae). Individuals from the two colonies were given host-switching experience for one generation (pre-imaginal experience) while other individuals were given prior ovipositing experience on the two species, respectively (adult experience). 3. Scleroderma guani females demonstrated that their experiences determined adult behavioural responses and their subsequent performance to hosts. Females maximized both adult fitness (fecundity and longevity) and offspring fitness (survival and sex ratio) when they encountered hosts similar to their maternal hosts. Behavioural plasticity in host choice was affected by adult experience, resulting in improved adult feeding and ovipositing behaviour and further modifying adult fecundity and the offspring sex ratio. There was a positive correlation between oviposition preference and adult fecundity. 4. The results indicated that S. guani,/i> exhibited positive preference–performance correlations. This is most likely due to an adaptation to maternal hosts over multiple generations. However, foraging potential of adults to available cues from hosts may be driven quickly by an experience-induced learning process rather than by natural selection processes shaped over many generations.
Keywords: Behavioural plasticity, bethylidae, host-parasite interactions, host selection, optimality theory, preference-performance correlations, prior experience
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
XML: View XML
Li, Li; Miller, Daniel R.; Sun, Jianghua 2009 The influence of prior experience on preference and performance of a cryptoparasitoid Scleroderma guani (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) on beetle hosts. Eco. Entomology 34:725-734.
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility