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Title: Chapter 1: A conservation assessment framework for forest carnivores.

Author: Ruggiero, Leonard F.; Zielinski, William J.; Aubry, Keith B.; Buskirk, Steven W.; Lyon, L. Jack.

Date: 1994

Source: In: Ruggiero, Leonard F.; Aubry, Keith B.; Buskirk, Steven W.; Lyon, L. Jack; Zielinski, William J., tech. eds. The scientific basis for conserving forest carnivores: American marten, fisher, lynx, and wolverine in the western United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-254. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. p. 1-6

Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)

   Note: This article is part of a larger document. View the larger document

Description: Controversy over managing public lands is neither an unexpected nor recent development. In the 1970's, debate over land management began to focus on the effects of timber management practices on wildlife. This was most evident in the Pacific Northwest where the public was beginning to express strong concerns about the effects of timber harvest in late-successional forests on northern spotted owls and other vertebrates. The focus on all vertebrates and not just "game animals" distinguished these concerns from earlier wildlife-related issues. In 1976, Congress passed the National Forest Management Act, which mandated the maintenance of biological diversity on lands of the National Forest System. Regulations enacted pursuant to this law specified that viable populations of native and desirable non-native wildlife species would be maintained on planning units (i.e., National Forests) of the National Forest System. Thus, a statutory and regulatory basis was provided for appeals and litigation directed at what the public believed to be the negative effects of timber management practices on wildlife. The many legal challenges that ensued focused primarily on the harvesting of late-successional forests in the Pacific Northwest (see Meslow et al. 1981 for additional discussion).

Keywords: American marten, Martes americana, fisher, Martes pennanti, lynx, Lynx canadensis, wolverine, Gulo gulo, carnivores, conservation biology, information needs, wildlife management

Publication Notes:

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  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • You may send email to rschneider@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)

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Citation:


Ruggiero, Leonard F.; Zielinski, William J.; Aubry, Keith B.; Buskirk, Steven W.; Lyon, L. Jack. 1994. Chapter 1: A conservation assessment framework for forest carnivores. In: Ruggiero, Leonard F.; Aubry, Keith B.; Buskirk, Steven W.; Lyon, L. Jack; Zielinski, William J., tech. eds. The scientific basis for conserving forest carnivores: American marten, fisher, lynx, and wolverine in the western United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-254. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. p. 1-6

 


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