You are here: Home
/ Publication Information
Title: Clarkâ€™s nutcracker and whitebark pine: Can the birds help the embattled high-country pine survive?
Author: Wells, Gail; Raphael, Martin; Lorenz, Teresa
Source: Science Findings 130. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 5 p.
Publication Series: S-FS
Description: Whitebark pine inhabits some of the most pristine high-elevation areas of the West. Despite being protected from direct human influence, the tree is declining from indirect effects of fire suppression and climate change. As a keystone species, its decline has widespread ramifications. Successful restoration requires understanding the behavioral ecology of Clarkâ€™s nutcracker, a bird that plays a key role dispersing whitebark pine seeds.
Based on science by Martin Raphael, and Teresa Lorenz.
Keywords: Whitepark pine, regeneration, Clark's nutcracker, telemetry, Martin Raphael, Teresa Lorenz.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly
which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
XML: View XML
Wells, Gail. 2011. Clarkâ€™s nutcracker and whitebark pine: Can the birds help the embattled high-country pine survive? Science Findings 130. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 6 p.
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility