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Title: Clarkâ€™s nutcracker and whitebark pine: Can the birds help the embattled high-country pine survive?
Author: Wells, Gail
Source: Science Findings 130. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 5 p.
Publication Series: S-FS
Description: Whitebark pine inhabits some of the most pristine high-elevation areas of the West. Despite being protected from direct human influence, the tree is declining from indirect effects of fire suppression and climate change. As a keystone species, its decline has widespread ramifications. Successful restoration requires understanding the behavioral ecology of Clarkâ€™s nutcracker, a bird that plays a key role dispersing whitebark pine seeds.
Based on science by Martin Raphael, and Teresa Lorenz.
Keywords: Whitepark pine, regeneration, Clark's nutcracker, telemetry, Martin Raphael, Teresa Lorenz.
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Wells, Gail. 2011. Clarkâ€™s nutcracker and whitebark pine: Can the birds help the embattled high-country pine survive? Science Findings 130. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 6 p.
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