Title: Processing and characterization of solid and microcellular PHBV/PBAT blend and its RWF/nanoclay composites
Author: Javadi, Alireza; Srithep, Yottha; Lee, Jungjoo; Pilla, Srikanth; Clemons, Craig; Gong, Shaoqin; Turng, Lih-Sheng
Source: Composites, Part A, Applied science and manufacturing. Vol. 41, no. 8 (Aug. 2010): p. 982-990.
Description: Solid and microcellular components made of poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV)/ poly (butylenes adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) blend (weight ration of PHBV:PBAT = 30:70), recycled wood fiber (RWF), and nanoclay (NC) were prepared via a conventional and microcellular-injection molding process, respectively. Morphology, thermal properties, and mechanical properties were investigated. The addition of 10% RWF (both untreated and silate-treated) reduced the cell size and increased the cell density of the microcellular components. Also, the addition of 10% RWF (both untreated and silane-treated) generally increased the specific Young's modulus and tensile strength, but decreased the specific toughness and strain-at-break in both solid and microcellular components. Moreover, unlike the near PHBV/PBAT blend, microcellular PHBV/PBAT/RWF (both untreated and silane-treated) composites showed higher specific toughness and strain-at-break compared to their solid counterparts. In addition, higher specific toughness and strain-at-break was observed in the PHBV/PBAT/untreated-RWF composite compared with the PHBV/PBAT/silane-treated RWF composite, particularly in the microcellular components. The degree of PHBV crystallinity increased significantly in both solid and microcellular PHBV/PBAT/RWF composites although the degree of PHBV crystallinity in the solid components was slightly higher than that of their microcellular counterparts. The effects of adding 2% nanoclay on the properties of the PHBV/PBAT/silane-treated-RWF composite were also investigated. The nanoclays exhibited an intercalated structure in the composites based on XRD analysis and did not induce significant changes in cell morphology and mechanical properties of the PHBV/PBAT/silane-treated-RWF composite. However, it did improve its thermal stability.
Keywords: Clay, composite materials, mechanical properties, injection molding of plastics, thermoplastic composites, plastics, extrusion, wood-plastic composites, recycled products, recycling, thermal properties, modulus of elasticity, elasticity, silane, nanoclay, strength, PBAT, PHBV, wood fibers, wood-plastic materials, tensile strength, crystallinity, thermal degradation, biocomposites
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Javadi, Alireza; Srithep, Yottha; Lee, Jungjoo; Pilla, Srikanth; Clemons, Craig; Gong, Shaoqin; Turng, Lih-Sheng; 2010. Processing and characterization of solid and microcellular PHBV/PBAT blend and its RWF/nanoclay composites. Composites, Part A, Applied science and manufacturing. Vol. 41, no. 8 (Aug. 2010): p. 982-990.
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