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Publication Information

(9.6 MB)

Title: Protected Natural Areas of Puerto Rico

Author: Gould, William A.; Quinones, Maya; Solorzano, Mariano; Alcobas, Waldemar; Alarcon, Caryl

Date: 2011

Source: IITF-RMAP-02

Publication Series: Research Map (RMAP)

Description: Protection of natural areas is essential to conserving biodiversity and maintaining ecosystem services. Benefits and services provided by natural areas are complex, interwoven, life-sustaining, and necessary for a healthy environment and a sustainable future (Daily et al. 1997). They include clean water and air, sustainable wildlife populations and habitats, stable slopes, productive soils, genetic reservoirs, recreational opportunities, and spiritual refugia. These are benefits that cannot be replaced by existing technology (Cohen and Tilman 1996, Daily et al. 1997). To best use our natural heritage, natural lands management and protection designation should be based on sound scientific information provided by research and experience. Social and historical factors, sustainable uses, existing conditions, restoration potential, and future scenarios should be considered to assure continued benefits, a good quality of life, and economic stability for the communities that depend on ecosystem services provided by natural areas.

Keywords: Puerto Rico, protected natural areas, natural resource conservation, marine protected areas, terrestrial protected areas

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Gould, William A.; Quinones, Maya; Solorzano, Mariano; Alcobas, Waldemar; Alarcon, Caryl. 2011. Protected Natural Areas of Puerto Rico. 1: 240,000. IITF-RMAP-02. Rio Piedras, PR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry.


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