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Title: Soil erosion model predictions using parent material/soil texture-based parameters compared to using site-specific parameters

Author: Foltz, R. B.; Elliot, W. J.; Wagenbrenner, N. S.

Date: 2011

Source: Transactions of the ASABE. 54(4): 1347-1356.

Publication Series: Journal/Magazine Article (JRNL)

Description: Forested areas disturbed by access roads produce large amounts of sediment. One method to predict erosion and, hence, manage forest roads is the use of physically based soil erosion models. A perceived advantage of a physically based model is that it can be parameterized at one location and applied at another location with similar soil texture or geological parent material. To test this perception, a two-part study was conducted to compare soil erosion model predictions using parent material/soil texture-based parameters to predictions using site-specific parameters. The first step was to determine site-specific erosion parameters using rainfall simulation. The second step was to compare erosion model results for a typical road network using the two parameter sets. Lake Tahoe was chosen for the study because it had parent materials similar to sites where parameterization had been performed. The coefficient of variation in runoff and sediment mass from the Lake Tahoe rainfall simulations varied from 8% to 36%. These values, although smaller than those reported from natural rainfall studies, are an indication of the inherent variability of erosion measurements.

Keywords: forest roads, Lake Tahoe, parameterization, process-based models, soil erosion, WEPP

Publication Notes:

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  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

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Foltz, R. B.; Elliot, W. J.; Wagenbrenner, N. S. 2011. Soil erosion model predictions using parent material/soil texture-based parameters compared to using site-specific parameters. Transactions of the ASABE. 54(4): 1347-1356.

 


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