Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station

GeoTreesearch - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

(3.2 MB)

Title: Heat treatment of firewood : meeting the phytosanitary requirements

Author: Wang, Xiping; Bergman, Richard PhD; Brashaw, Brian K.; Myers, Scott; Joyal, Marc

Date: 2011

Source: General technical report FPL-GTR-200. Madison, WI : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, 2011: 34 p.

Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)

Description: The movement of firewood within emerald ash borer- (EAB-) infested states and into adjoining states has been a major contributor to the spread of EAB throughout the United States and Canada. In an effort to stop the further spread of EAB from infested areas and to facilitate interstate commerce, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has required and are enforcing a heat-treatment process in the firewood industry to heat sterilize firewood before it can be shipped out of infested areas. States and firewood producers are now faced with challenges implementing heat-treatment processes and meeting the heat-treating standard. The purpose of this project was to transfer background knowledge and advanced heat-treating technology to field application through field heat-treatment demonstrations, on-site workshops and web-based training seminars (webinars). We evaluated a series of temperature sensors/probes and data loggers for their applicability in heat-treating process and constructed easy-to-install temperature monitoring systems suitable for field heat-treatment operations of different scales. Successful on-site heat-treatment demonstrations were conducted at four firewood heat-treating facilities. Two training workshops were developed and presented to regulatory field staff and firewood producers. The content of training included certification of treatment facilities, recommended heat-treating strategies, and temperature monitoring and thermal verification.

Keywords: Wood, heat treatment, introduced organisms, control, fuelwood, United States, emerald ash borer, firewood, transportation, Agrilus planipennis, insect control, introduced species, kiln drying, infestation, spread, sterilization, pest control, kiln

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Wang, Xiping; Bergman, Richard; Brashaw, Brian K.; Myers, Scott; Joyal, Marc; 2011. Heat treatment of firewood : meeting the phytosanitary requirements. General technical report FPL-GTR-200. Madison, WI : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, 2011: 34 p.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.