Title: Stand development following precommercial thinning and fertilization treatments in a western redcedar (Thuja plicata) dominated forest
Author: Harrington, Constance A.; Devine, Warren D.
Source: Canadian Journal of Forestry Research. 41: 151-164
Description: Western redcedar (Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don.) is an important North American tree species, but little information is available on its long-term responses to silvicultural treatments. Stand responses (mortality, ingrowth, basal area and volume growth, and distributions of trees by diameter and height classes) were followed for 25 years after thinning and fertilization treatments (alone and in combination) were applied to a naturally regenerated, low site quality western redcedar stand on the Olympic Peninsula in western Washington, USA. Mortality was low overall, but the densest stands experienced competition-related mortality. Thinning resulted in additional stem recruitment; after 25 years, the number of ingrowth trees exceeded the number of trees in the cohort left after thinning. Fertilization (with nitrogen and phosphorus) flattened size distributions and skewed them to larger size classes. Thinning plus fertilization resulted in the largest individual trees and the most large trees, but also many trees in a wide range of diameter classes. The recruitment of a second cohort did not result in a two-storied stand. Fertilization without thinning resulted in the greatest stand basal area and volume, as well as trees with fewer live lower branches.
Keywords: redcedar, silviculture, stand development, fertilization, thinning
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Harrington, Constance A.; Devine, Warren D. 2011. Stand development following precommercial thinning and fertilization treatments in a western redcedar (Thuja plicata) dominated forest. Canadian Journal of Forestry Research. 41: 151-164.