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Title: Mapping genetic variation and seed zones for Bromus carinatus in the Blue Mountains of eastern Oregon, USA

Author: Johnson, R.C.; Erickson, Vicky J.; Mandel, Nancy L.; St. Clair, J. Bradley; Vance-Borland, Kenneth W.

Date: 2010

Source: Botany. 88: 725-736

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Seed transfer zones ensure that germplasm selected for restoration is suitable and sustainable in diverse environments. In this study, seed zones were developed for mountain brome (Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn.) in the Blue Mountains of northeastern Oregon and adjoining Washington. Plants from 148 Blue Mountain seed source locations were evaluated in common-garden studies at two contrasting test sites. Data on phenology, morphology, and production were collected over two growing seasons. Plant traits varied significantly and were frequently correlated with annual precipitation and annual maximum temperature at seed source locations (P < 0.05). Plants from warmer locations generally had higher dry matter production, longer leaves, wider crowns, denser foliage, and greater plant height than those from cooler locations. Regression models of environmental variables with the first two principal components (PC 1 and PC 2) explained 46% and 40% of the total variation, respectively. Maps of PC I and PC 2 generally corresponded to elevation, temperature, and precipitation gradients. The regression models developed from PC 1 and PC 2 and environmental variables were used to map seed transfer zones. These maps will be useful in selecting mountain brome seed sources for habitat restoration in the Blue Mountains.

Keywords: genecology, Bromus carinatus, seed zones, plant adaptation

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Johnson, R.C.; Erickson, Vicky J.; Mandel, Nancy L.; St. Clair, J. Bradley; Vance-Borland, Kenneth W. 2010. Mapping genetic variation and seed zones for Bromus carinatus in the Blue Mountains of eastern Oregon, USA. Botany. 88: 725-736.

 


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