Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station

GeoTreesearch - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

(485 KB)

Title: Geocachers: Benefits sought and environmental attitudes

Author: Schneider, Ingrid E.; Silverberg, Kenneth E.; Chavez, Deborah;

Date: 2011

Source: LARNet, The Cyber Journal of Applied Leisure and Recreation Research, Fall, 2011. 14(1):1-11

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Geocaching, an outdoor recreation activity that uses handheld Global Positioning Systems (GPS) to find hidden treasures demarcated on the Internet, emerged in 2000 and has engaged more than 5 million participants in more than 200 countries ( Agency responses to geocaching range from collaborative management to exclusion. Effective management, however, depends on knowledge of participants' behaviors and preferences as well as the ability to respond effectively to them. This project profiled geocachers, the benefits they seek in the activity, as well as attitudes toward environmentally responsible behaviors. An electronically administered questionnaire in 2003 revealed geocachers at that time were primarily middle aged, White, and possessed high educational status. Seven benefit factors emerged related to geocaching: physical fitness, nature experiences, learning, stimulation, relaxation, autonomy, and socialization. Benefits sought differed by group type (family vs. alone). Geocachers indicated environmentally responsible behaviors were important. Programming opportunities exist to enhance physical activity, environmental understanding, social cohesion, and revenues. Management challenges include cache placement, cache monitoring, inter- and intragroup conflict, and increased visitation.

Keywords: Technology, geocaching, environmentally responsible behavior, benefits

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Schneider, Ingrid E.; Silverberg, Kenneth E.; Chavez, Deborah 2011. Geocachers: Benefits sought and environmental attitudes. LARNet, The Cyber Journal of Applied Leisure and Recreation Research, Fall, 2011. 14(1):1-11.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.