Title: High-Performance Cellulose Nanofibril Composite Films
Author: Qing, Yan; Sabo, Ronald; Wu, Yiqiang; Cai, Zhiyong
Source: BioResources Volume 7, number 3, 3064-3075; 2012
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Description: Cellulose nanofibril/phenol formaldehyde (CNF/PF) composite films with high work of fracture were prepared by filtering a mixture of 2,2,6,6tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO) oxidized wood nanofibers and water-soluble phenol formaldehyde with resin contents ranging from 5 to 20 wt%, followed by hot pressing. The composites were characterized by tensile testing, dynamic mechanical analysis, scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, thermo-gravimetric analysis, and moisture/water absorption. Neat CNF films had tensile stress and Young's modulus of 232 MPa and 4.79 GPa, respectively. PF resin was found to be well dispersed in the composites, although the resin increased the roughness of the film surfaces. Hygroscopic capacities of the composites were dramatically reduced, as compared to neat films, in both high humidity environments and when soaked in water. The composites exhibited slightly reduced tensile strength with modestly increased storage modulus compared to neat CNF films. Remarkably, the work of fracture ranged from 20 to 27 MJ/m3, making these films among the toughest reported for cellulose nanocomposites.
Keywords: Cellulose nanofibril, Phenol formaldehyde, Mechanical properties, Electron microscopy, thermaldegradation, hygroscopic capacity
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
XML: View XML
Qing, Yan; Sabo, Ronald; Wu, Yiqiang; Cai, Zhiyong. 2012. High-performance cellulose nanofibril composite films. BioResources. 7(3): 3064-3075.
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility