Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern
Help
 

GeoTreesearch


Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

(41.2 MB)

Title: History and current condition of longleaf pine in the Southern United States

Author: Oswalt, Christopher M.; Cooper, Jason A.; Brockway, Dale G.; Brooks, Horace W.; Walker, Joan L.; Connor, Kristina F.; Oswalt, Sonja N.; Conner, Roger C.

Date: 2012

Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–166. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 51 p.

Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)

Description: Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) was once one of the most ecologically important tree species in the Southern United States. Longleaf pine and its accompanying forest ecosystems covered vast swaths of the Southern United States, spanning an estimated 92 million acres. Although once one of the most extensive forest ecosystems in North America, only a fraction of these longleaf pine forests remain today. Here we present a brief description of longleaf pine ecosystems and their constituent parts, a history of longleaf pine in the South, and the recent historical and current status of longleaf pine forests as sampled by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis program. We present estimated changes to the longleaf pine forests, implications for conservation of the species, and suggestions for future research. While longleaf pine dominated forests have received considerable attention and land managers and conservation professionals are working to maintain and improve these important systems, longleaf pine forests currently only occupy a minor portion of the southern landscape. There are positive signs in this report, however, that point toward potential improvements. For example, the number of longleaf pine saplings has been increasing, the longleaf pine/oak acreage represents a considerable opportunity for restoration to longleaf pine forests, and in some areas of the longleaf pine range young stands are developing to aid replacement of those lost. Significant challenges to expanding the coverage of longleaf pine dominated forests do exist. However, with targeted research and conservation efforts, longleaf pine forests can thrive once again across the South.

Keywords: FIA, forest inventory, longleaf pine, pine conservation, Pinus palustris, southern pines

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)

XML: View XML

Citation:


Oswalt, Christopher M.; Cooper, Jason A.; Brockway, Dale G.; Brooks, Horace W.; Walker, Joan L.; Connor, Kristina F.; Oswalt, Sonja N.; Conner, Roger C. 2012. History and current condition of longleaf pine in the Southern United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–166. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 51 p.

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.