Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern
Help
 

GeoTreesearch


Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

(1.2 MB)

Title: Chapter 13:Wood/Nonwood Thermoplastic Composites

Author: Clemons, Craig M.; Rowell, Roger M.; Plackett, David; Segerholm, B. Kristoffer

Date: 2013

Source: In: Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites, Second ed., Roger Rowell, Editor, by CRC Books, 2013. pp. 473-508.

Publication Series: Book Chapter

Description: Composites made from wood, other biomass resources and polymers have existed for a long time but the nature of many of these composites has changed in recent decades. Wood-thermoset composites date to the early 1900s. "Thermosets" or thermosetting polymers are plastics that, once cured, cannot be remelted by heating. These include cured resins such as epoxies and phenolics, plastics used as wood adhesives with which the forest products industry is traditionally most familiar (see Chapter 9). For example, an early commercial composite marketed under the trade name Bakelite was composed of phenol—formaldehyde and wood flour. Its first commercial use was reportedly as a gearshift knob for Rolls Royce in 1916 (Gordon 1988). "Thermoplastics" are plastics that can be repeatedly melted, such as polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Thermoplastics are used to make many diverse commercial products such as milk jugs, grocery bags, and siding for homes. In contrast to the wood—thermoset composites, wood—thermoplastic composites have seen large growth in recent decades. Wood—thermoplastic composites are now most often simply referred to as wood-plastic composites (WPCs) with the common understanding that plastic refers to a thermoplastic.

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Clemons, Craig M.; Rowell, Roger M.; Plackett, David; Segerholm, B. Kristoffer. 2013. Wood/nonwood thermoplastic composites. In: Rowell, Roger, ed. Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites, Second edition. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. 473-508. Chapter 13.

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.