Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern
Help
 

GeoTreesearch


Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

(761 KB)

Title: Modifying WEPP to improve streamflow simulation in a Pacific Northwest watershed

Author: Srivastava, A.; Dobre, M.; Wu, J. Q.; Elliot, W. J.; Bruner, E. A.; Dun, S.; Brooks, E. S.; Miller, I. S.

Date: 2013

Source: Transactions of the ASABE. 56(2): 603-611.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: The assessment of water yield from hillslopes into streams is critical in managing water supply and aquatic habitat. Streamflow is typically composed of surface runoff, subsurface lateral flow, and groundwater baseflow; baseflow sustains the stream during the dry season. The Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) model simulates surface runoff, subsurface lateral flow, soil water, and deep percolation. However, to adequately simulate hydrologic conditions with significant quantities of groundwater flow into streams, a baseflow component for WEPP is needed. The objectives of this study were (1) to simulate streamflow in the Priest River Experimental Forest in the U.S. Pacific Northwest using the WEPP model and a baseflow routine, and (2) to compare the performance of the WEPP model with and without including the baseflow using observed streamflow data. The baseflow was determined using a linear reservoir model. The WEPPsimulated and observed streamflows were in reasonable agreement when baseflow was considered, with an overall Nash- Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE) of 0.67 and deviation of runoff volume (Dv) of 7%. In contrast, the WEPP simulations without including baseflow resulted in an overall NSE of 0.57 and Dv of 47%. On average, the simulated baseflow accounted for 43% of the streamflow and 12% of precipitation annually. Integration of WEPP with a baseflow routine improved the model's applicability to watersheds where groundwater contributes to streamflow.

Keywords: baseflow, deep seepage, forest watershed, hydrologic modeling, subsurface lateral flow, surface runoff, WEPP

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Srivastava, A.; Dobre, M.; Wu, J. Q.; Elliot, W. J.; Bruner, E. A.; Dun, S.; Brooks, E. S.; Miller, I. S. 2013. Modifying WEPP to improve streamflow simulation in a Pacific Northwest watershed. Transactions of the ASABE. 56(2): 603-611.

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.