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Title: Incidence and phylogenetic analyses of Armillaria spp. associated with root disease in peach orchards in the State of Mexico, Mexico

Author: Elias-Roman, R. D.; Guzman-Plazola, R. A.; Klopfenstein, N. B.; Alvarado-Rosales, D.; Calderon-Zavala, G.; Mora-Aguilera, J. A.; Kim, M.-S.; Garcia-Espinosa, R.

Date: 2013

Source: Forest Pathology. 43: 390-401.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Incidence of peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] tree mortality attributed to Armillaria root disease was assessed from 2009 to 2011 in 15 orchards in the State of Mexico, Mexico. Incidence increased gradually every year of assessment, reaching average values of 9.7, 15.3 and 20.3% tree mortality and 23.2, 24.7 and 28.3% disease-impacted area of the orchards during 2009, 2010 and 2011, respectively. The cultivars 'Nemaguard' and 'Criollo of La Goleta', a local rootstock used in the region, were both susceptible to the disease. To identify species of Armillaria isolated from infected peach trees, two nuclear rDNA regions (partial 5.8S-ITS2-LSU D-domains and partial 3' LSU-IGS1) and the translation elongation factor-1α (tef-1α) gene were sequenced and compared with sequences of known Armillaria species. DNA sequence analysis from 49 Armillaria isolates revealed that five isolates (10.2%) were Armillaria mellea and eight isolates (16.3%) were Armillaria gallica. DNA sequences from the remaining 36 isolates (73.5%) showed no close similarity to Armillaria sequences in GenBank, and apparently represent an undescribed Armillaria species. This undescribed species was the most widely distributed in the region of study. Separate phylogenetic analyses of the LSU region (D1-D3 domains concatenated with the partial 3' end) and the tef-1a region show that the undescribed species is quite distinct from other Armillaria spp. reported in North America.

Keywords: Armillaria root disease, peach, Prunus persica

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Elias-Roman, R. D.; Guzman-Plazola, R. A.; Klopfenstein, N. B.; Alvarado-Rosales, D.; Calderon-Zavala, G.; Mora-Aguilera, J. A.; Kim, M.-S.; Garcia-Espinosa, R. 2013. Incidence and phylogenetic analyses of Armillaria spp. associated with root disease in peach orchards in the State of Mexico, Mexico. Forest Pathology. 43: 390-401.

 


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