You are here: Home
/ Publication Information
Title: Forest restoration paradigms
Author: Stanturf, John; Palik, Brian J.; Williams, Mary I.; Dumroese, R. Kasten
Source: Journal of Sustainable Forestry 33: S161-S194
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Description: An estimated 2 billion ha of forests are degraded globally and global change suggests even greater need for forest restoration. Four forest restoration paradigms are identified and discussed: revegetation, ecological restoration, functional restoration, and forest landscape restoration. Restoration is examined in terms of a degraded starting point and an ending point of an idealized natural forest. Global change, climate variability, biotechnology, and synthetic biology pose significant challenges to current restoration paradigms, underscoring the importance of clearly defined goals focused on functional ecosystems. Public debate is needed on acceptable goals; one role for science is to inform and help frame the debate and describe feasibility and probable consequences.
Keywords: reconstruction, rehabilitation, reclamation, novel ecosystems, intervention ecology
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
XML: View XML
Stanturf, John A.; Palik, Brian J.; Williams, Mary I.; Dumroese, R. Kasten; Madsen, Palle. 2014. Forest restoration paradigms. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 33: S161-S194.
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility