Title: Tree mortality rates and tree population projections in Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Author: Nowak, David J.; Kuroda, Miki; Crane, Daniel E.;
Source: Urban Forestry Urban Greening. 2: 139-147
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
Description: Based on re-measurements (1999 and 2001) of randomly-distributed permanent plots within the city boundaries of Baltimore, Maryland, trees are estimated to have an annual mortality rate of 6.6% with an overall annual net change in the number of live trees of -4.2%. Tree mortality rates were significantly different based on tree size, condition, species, and Land use. Morus alba, Ailanthus altissima, and trees in small diameter classes, poor condition, or in transportation or commercial - industrial land uses exhibited relatively high mortality rates. Trees in medium- to low-density residential areas exhibited low mortality rates. The high mortality rate for A. altissima is an artifact of this species distribution among land use types (24% were in the transportation land use). Based on a new tree population projection model that incorporates Baltimore's existing tree population and annual mortality estimates, along with estimates of annual tree growth, Baltimore's urban forest is projected to decline in both number of trees and canopy area over the next century. Factors affecting urban tree mortality are discussed.
Keywords: growth projection, land use, urban forest change, urban forestry
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
- This publication may be available in hard copy. Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
XML: View XML
Nowak, David J.; Kuroda, Miki; Crane, Daniel E. 2004. Tree mortality rates and tree population projections in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Urban Forestry Urban Greening. 2: 139-147
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility