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Publication Information

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Title: Environmental indices for common Michigan trees and shrubs.

Author: Brand, Gary J.;

Date: 1985

Source: Research Paper NC-261. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station

Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)

Description: Plants are indicators of environmental factors like moisture, nutrients, heat, and light. Semi-quantitative indices for these four factors were developed for 90 Michigan trees and shrubs. The indices and a tally of species present provide a simple evaluation of the environment of a forest stand and a useful management aid.

Keywords: moisture, nutrients, heat, light, synecological coordinates

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • This publication may be available in hard copy. Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
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Citation:


Brand, Gary J. 1985. Environmental indices for common Michigan trees and shrubs. Research Paper NC-261. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station

 


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