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Title: Management Guide for the black spruce type in the Lake States.
Author: Johnston, William F.;
Source: Research Paper NC-64. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
Description: Summarizes information on: (1) soil-site relations; (2) associated vegetation; (3) methods and requirements for reproduction; (4) stand development; (5) yield and 10-year net growth; (6) damaging agents. A key to recommended management practices is given for pulpwood and Christmas tree stands, and requirements for successful broadcast burning are included.
Keywords: Picea mariana, black spruce, forest management, timber management, silviculture, silvics
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Johnston, William F. 1971. Management Guide for the black spruce type in the Lake States. Research Paper NC-64. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
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