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Title: Hardwoods planted in old fields favored by prior tree cover.
Author: Carmean, Willard H.; Clark, F. Bryan; Williams, Robert D.;
Source: Research Paper NC-134. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
Description: Hardwoods were planted in a long-abandoned field. Growth was poor in a grassy area, better in areas formerly having natural trees or planted pine, and outstanding in an area formerly having planted black locust. Improved growth was associated with better soils structure and more foliar nitrogen.
Keywords: old-field succession, physical, chemical, and biological soil conditions, foliar nitrogen
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Carmean, Willard H.; Clark, F. Bryan; Williams, Robert D. 1976. Hardwoods planted in old fields favored by prior tree cover. Research Paper NC-134. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
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