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Title: Forested Wetlands: Functions, Benefits and the Use of Best Management Practices

Author: Welsch, David J.; Smart, David L.; Boyer, James N.; Minken, Paul; Smith, Howard C.; McCandless, Tamara L.;

Date: 1995

Source: NA-PR-01-95. [Radnor, PA:] U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Area State & Private Forestry

Publication Series: Full Proceedings

Description: Wetlands are complex and fascinating ecosystems that perform a variety of functions of vital importance to the environment and to the society whose very existence depends on the quality of the environment. Wetlands regulate water flow by detaining storm flows for short periods thus reducing Wetlands protect lake shore and coastal areas by buffering the erosive action of waves and other storm effects. Wetlands improve water quality by retaining or transforming excess nutrients and by trapping sediment and heavy metals. Wetlands provide many wildlife habitat components such as breeding grounds, nesting sites and other critical habitat for a variety of fish and wildlife species as well as the unique habitat requirements of many threatened and endangered plants and animals. Wetlands also provide a bounty of plant and animal products such as blueberries, cranberries, timber, fiber, finfish, shellfish, waterfowl, furbearers and game animals. Although wetlands are generally beneficial, they can, at times, adversely affect water quality. Waters leaving wetlands have shown elevated coliform counts, reduced oxygen content and color values that exceed the standard for drinking water.

Publication Notes:

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  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
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Welsch, David J.; Smart, David L.; Boyer, James N.; Minken, Paul; Smith, Howard C.; McCandless, Tamara L. 1995. Forested Wetlands. NA-PR-01-95. [Radnor, PA:] U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Area State & Private Forestry

 


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