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Title: HOW to Identify and Control Stem Rusts of Jack Pine
Author: Robbins, Kathryn; Smeltzer, Dale K.; French, D. W.;
Source: NA-FB/P-12. [Broomall, PA]: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Area State & Private Forestry
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
Description: Damage to jack pine caused by rust fungi includes growth reduction, cankers, death (by girdling or wind breakage), and creation of entryways for other fungi and insects. Seedlings and saplings are more seriously affected than older trees.
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Robbins, Kathryn; Smeltzer, Dale K.; French, D. W. 0. HOW to Identify and Control Stem Rusts of Jack Pine. NA-FB/P-12. [Broomall, PA]: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Area State & Private Forestry
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