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Title: Spruce Budworm in the Eastern United States
Author: Kuceral, Daniel R.; Orr, Peter W.;
Source: Forest Insect & Disease Leaflet 160. [Broomall, PA:] U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Area State & Private Forestry
Publication Series: Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet (FIDL)
Description: The spruce budworm Choristoneura fumiferana (Clemens) is one of the most destructive native insects in the northern spruce and fir forests of the Eastern United States and Canada. Periodic outbreaks of the spruce budworm are a part of the natural cycle of events associated with the maturing of balsam fir.
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Kuceral, Daniel R.; Orr, Peter W. 0. Spruce Budworm in the Eastern United States. Forest Insect & Disease Leaflet 160. [Broomall, PA:] U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Area State & Private Forestry
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