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Title: Vegetative Measures for Streambank Stabilization: Case Studies from Illinois and Missouri
Author: Heyer, Teri;
Source: Misc. Publ. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Area State & Private Forestry
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication (MISC)
Description: Streambank erosion is a common problem throughout the United States. A stream naturally loses bank material and redeposits it elsewhere. However, sediment carried by the stream can decrease water quality especially for the aquatic population by covering substrate and increasing turbidity. Once begun, streambank erosion can be a chronic problem, causing continual loss of adjacent fields and pastures. Traditional methods for controlling streambank erosion include those that retard flow and promote deposition and those that, through some form of cover, protect the streambank from additional erosion and scouring. This brochure focuses on VEGETATIVE MEASURES for streambank stabilization. Whether planted live material, material secured along the bank, or both, vegetative material protects the bank in several ways: living root systems hold soil in place, increasing overall bank stability, increased roughness directs flow velocity away from the streambank and acts as a buffer against abrasive transported materials, vegetation causes sediment deposition, reducing the stream sediment load and re-establishing the streambank.
Keywords: streambank, vegetation
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Heyer, Teri 1997. Vegetative Measures for Streambank Stabilization: Case Studies from Illinois and Missouri. Misc. Publ. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Area State & Private Forestry
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