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Title: Balsam Fir Dominant Species Under Rethinned Northern White-Cedar
Author: Johnston, William F.;
Source: Research Note NC-133. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
Publication Series: Research Note (RN)
Description: A 20-year thinning study in a Wisconsin swamp stand of middle-aged northern white-cedar indicates that advance tree reproduction and shrubs grow little under after a second thinning to less than 150 square feet of basal area per acre. Balsam fir will probably dominate this undergrowth, particularly if the area is used heavily by snowshoe hare or white-tailed deer.
Keywords: Thuja occidentalis, Abies balsamea, undergrowth, snowshoe hare, browsing
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Johnston, William F. 1972. Balsam Fir Dominant Species Under Rethinned Northern White-Cedar. Research Note NC-133. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station
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