Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (142 KB)

Title: Breeding bird communities

Author: Artman, Vanessa L.; Dettmers, Randy;

Date: 2003

Source: In: Sutherland, Elaine K.; Hutchinson, Todd F., eds. Characteristics of mixed oak forest ecosystems in southern Ohio prior to the reintroduction of fire. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-299. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 139-155

Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)

   Note: This article is part of a larger document. View the larger document

Description: Prescribed burning is being applied on an experimental basis to restore and maintain mixed-oak communities in southern Ohio. This chapter describes baseline conditions for the breeding bird community prior to prescribed burning. We surveyed breeding bird populations at four study areas using the territory-mapping method. We observed 35 bird species during the surveys. The red-eyed vireo (Vireo olivaceus), ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus), wood thrush (Hylocichla mustelina), Acadian flycatcher (Empidonax virescens), and scarlet tanager (Piranga olivacea) were the most abundant, followed by the eastern wood-pewee (Contopus virens), hooded warbler (Wilsonia citrine), worm-eating warbler (Helmitheros vermivorus), and cerulean warbler (Dendroica cerulean). Densities of three bird species, the cerulean warbler, great crested flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus), and eastern phoebe (Sayornis phoebe), varied among study areas. We compared our results to other surveys conducted in the Eastern United States and found that the composition of breeding bird communities was similar between mixed-oak and beech-maple forest types. We monitored 239 nests of 14 bird species to establish baseline levels of breeding productivity and to describe nest site selection. Predation of nest contents was the primary cause of nesting failure for most of the bird species monitored. Nest predation rates were highest for the ovenbird and wood thrush and lowest for the wormeating warbler and Acadian flycatcher. Parasitism by brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) was a second factor limiting breeding productivity. Cowbird parasitism rates varied among host species but were comparable to rates reported from other studies. The overall nesting success rate for the wood thrush was lower than observed in other continuously forested landscapes in the Eastern United States, but this low rate was offset by the absence of cowbird parasitism for this bird species.

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • This publication may be available in hard copy. Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
  • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Artman, Vanessa L.; Dettmers, Randy 2003. Breeding bird communities. In: Sutherland, Elaine K.; Hutchinson, Todd F., eds. Characteristics of mixed oak forest ecosystems in southern Ohio prior to the reintroduction of fire. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-299. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 139-155

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.