Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (577 KB)

Title: Nondestructive evaluation of hardwood logs:CT scanning, machine vision and data utilization

Author: Schmoldt, Daniel L.; Occena, Luis G.; Abbott, A. Lynn; Gupta, Nand K.;

Date: 1999

Source: Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation.15:279-309

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: Sawing of hardwood logs still relies on relatively simple technologies that, in spite of their lack of sophistication, have been successful for many years due to wood?s traditional low cost and ready availability. These characteristics of the hardwood resource have changed dramatically over the past 20 years, however, forcing wood processors to become more efficient in their operations. In spite of some recent advances, the breakdown of hardwood logs into lumber continues to be hampered by the inability of sawyers to ?see? inside of the log prior to making irreversible cutting decisions. The need for noninvasive assessment of hardwood logs prior to breakdown is well accepted, but is difficult to realize because industrial scanning. in this context, is unique in several respects. For example, large volumes of material must be inspected quickly over an extended duty cycle, the wood material still possesses relatively low value compared to other industrial materials that require internal scanning, and many wood processors are small operations located in rural areas. Successful implementation of new scanning technology, however, will have tremendous payback for wood processors. and for timber resource conservation efforts. The research program reviewed here applies a three-pronged approach to address this situation. First, a relatively new and innovative CT scanning technology is being developed that can scan hardwood logs at industrial speeds. Second. machine vision software has been created that can interpret scanned images rapidly and with high accuracy. Third, we have developed 3-D rendering and analysis techniques that will enable sawyers to apply image assessment to actual log breakdown. This integrative research direction combines hardware and software systems to scan logs, process images, and apply imaging to real-time, industrial decision-making.

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)



Schmoldt, Daniel L.; Occena, Luis G.; Abbott, A. Lynn; Gupta, Nand K. 1999. Nondestructive evaluation of hardwood logs:CT scanning, machine vision and data utilization. Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation.15:279-309


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.