Title: Nondestructive evaluation of hardwood logs:CT scanning, machine vision and data utilization
Author: Schmoldt, Daniel L.; Occena, Luis G.; Abbott, A. Lynn; Gupta, Nand K.;
Source: Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation.15:279-309
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
Description: Sawing of hardwood logs still relies on relatively simple technologies that, in spite of their lack of sophistication, have been successful for many years due to wood?s traditional low cost and ready availability. These characteristics of the hardwood resource have changed dramatically over the past 20 years, however, forcing wood processors to become more efficient in their operations. In spite of some recent advances, the breakdown of hardwood logs into lumber continues to be hampered by the inability of sawyers to ?see? inside of the log prior to making irreversible cutting decisions. The need for noninvasive assessment of hardwood logs prior to breakdown is well accepted, but is difficult to realize because industrial scanning. in this context, is unique in several respects. For example, large volumes of material must be inspected quickly over an extended duty cycle, the wood material still possesses relatively low value compared to other industrial materials that require internal scanning, and many wood processors are small operations located in rural areas. Successful implementation of new scanning technology, however, will have tremendous payback for wood processors. and for timber resource conservation efforts. The research program reviewed here applies a three-pronged approach to address this situation. First, a relatively new and innovative CT scanning technology is being developed that can scan hardwood logs at industrial speeds. Second. machine vision software has been created that can interpret scanned images rapidly and with high accuracy. Third, we have developed 3-D rendering and analysis techniques that will enable sawyers to apply image assessment to actual log breakdown. This integrative research direction combines hardware and software systems to scan logs, process images, and apply imaging to real-time, industrial decision-making.
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Schmoldt, Daniel L.; Occena, Luis G.; Abbott, A. Lynn; Gupta, Nand K. 1999. Nondestructive evaluation of hardwood logs:CT scanning, machine vision and data utilization. Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation.15:279-309
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