Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (2.4 MB)

Title: Competitive Exclusion of Dendroctonus rufipennis Induced by Pheromones of Ips tridens and Dryocoetes affaber (Coleoptera: Scolytidae)

Author: Poland, Therese M.; Borden, John H.;

Date: 1998

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology. Vol. 91 no. 5.:p. 1150-1161. (1998)

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: We tested the feasibility of competitive exclusion as a potential management tactic for the spruce beetle, Dendroctonus rufipennis Kirby, using pre-attack baiting with pheromones of 2 secondary species, Ips tridens Mannerheim and Dryocoetes affaber Mannerheim. Spruce beetle attack densities, gallery lengths per square meter, and progeny densities were significantly reduced by up to 78% in individual felled trees baited with the I. tridens pheromones (+/-)-ipsdienol and (-)-cis-verbernol, and the D. affaber pheromones (+/-)-exo-and (+)-endo-brevicomin, or pheromones of both secondary species. A simplified D. affaber bait consisting of only (+/-)-endo-brevicomin also significantly reduced spruce beetle attacks, resource exploitation, and progeny production. Baiting with I. tridens pheromones also reduced spruce beetle attack and success in simulated patches of windthrown trees. Resource exploitation and indirect interference by synomonal inhibition of spruce beetle attack are the most likely competitive mechanisms invoked. Competitive exclusion of the spruce beetle may provide an alternative management tactic where traditional methods based on tree removal, widespread harvesting, and the use of insecticides are not feasible.

Keywords: Dendroctonus rufipennis, Ips tridens, Dryocoetes affaber, interspecific competition, competitive exclusion, pheromone

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • This publication may be available in hard copy. Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
  • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Poland, Therese M.; Borden, John H. 1998. Competitive Exclusion of Dendroctonus rufipennis Induced by Pheromones of Ips tridens and Dryocoetes affaber (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. Vol. 91 no. 5.:p. 1150-1161. (1998)

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.