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Title: How much scarification from summer logging?
Author: Marquis, David A.; Bjorkbom, John C.;
Source: Forest Research Note NE-110. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 1-3
Publication Series: Forest Research Note
Description: Scarification of the soil creates seedbeds that are favorable for the establishment of both paper birch and yellow birch. Logging in the summer often has been recommended as a method of obtaining these seedbeds. However, our observations on experimental logging jobs have shown that logging alone does not provide scarification over enough of the area to assure reasonably uniform distribution of birch regeneration.
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Marquis, David A.; Bjorkbom, John C. 1960. How much scarification from summer logging?. Forest Research Note NE-110. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 1-3
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