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Title: Results of deer exclosure studies in northeastern Pennsylvania
Author: Shafer, E.L.; Grisez, T. J.; Sowa, Ed;
Source: Forest Research Note NE-121. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 1-7.
Publication Series: Forest Research Note
Description: To demonstrate how deer browsing affects natural tree seedling and sprout reproduction, two groups of deer exclosures were established in the Pocono Mountains of northeastern Pennsylvania. Study of these exclosures after seven growing seasons confirms what other studies elsewhere have found: that when deer are too numerous for their natural food supply, it is impossible to achieve a balanced multiple use of forest land for both timber production and wildlife habitat.
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Shafer, E.L.; Grisez, T. J.; Sowa, Ed 1961. Results of deer exclosure studies in northeastern Pennsylvania. Forest Research Note NE-121. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 1-7.
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