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Title: Putting multiple use and sustained yield into a landscape context

Author: Crow, Thomas R.;

Date: 2002

Source: In: Liu, Jianguo; Taylor, William W., eds. Integrating Landscape Ecology into Natural Resource Management. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press: 349-365

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: When managing natural resources, foresters, wildlife biologists, and other practitioners need to consider a vast array of technical information, along with a multitude of values, opinions, and perspectives - many of which may be in conflict and therefore difficult to resolve. Ongoing discussions about ecosystem management, conserving biological diversiry, adaptive management, and sustainable development reflect heightened concerns about sustaining natural resources and resolving conflicts among competing interests and demands (e.g., Walters, 1986; Rowe, 1992; Grumbine, 1997; Bunnell, 1998; Tollefson, 1998; Yaffee, 1999). In response to these and related concerns, the Secretary-General of the United Nations established the World Commission on Environment and Development in 1983, headed by Gro Harlem Brundtland, then Prime Minister of Norway. In their landmark assessment - commonly known as the Brundtland Report - the Commission firmly connected environmental degradation with diminished economic opportunity, human health, and quality of life. In addition, they proposed long-term strategies for achieving sustainable development in a world characterized by great extremes in resource availability and utilization. They suggested multilateral approaches to transcend national sovereignties, political ideologies, and scientific disciplines so that common problems could be identified and common goals pursued. There is increasing recognition that a more comprehensive and integrated approach is needed to resource planning and management (Boyce and Haney, 1997; Kohm and Franklin, 1997; Vogt et al., 1997). In this chapter, I begin with the premise that principles and concepts from landscape ecology can contribute in a significant way to practicing integrated resource management. I explore this premise by considering the science of landscape ecology in relation to the two important management paradigms - multiple use and sustained yield - that have guided forest management in North America for the past 100 years.

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Crow, Thomas R. 2002. Putting multiple use and sustained yield into a landscape context. In: Liu, Jianguo; Taylor, William W., eds. Integrating Landscape Ecology into Natural Resource Management. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press: 349-365


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