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Title: Evaluating the use of plastic bags to prevent escape of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) from firewood
Author: Poland, Therese M.; Ciaramitaro, Tina M.; Pureswaran, Deepa S.; Diss-Torrance, Andrea;
Source: The Great Lakes Entomologist. 41(1&2): 40-48.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Description: The emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), is a highly destructive exotic pest of ash (Fraxinus) in North America. Human movement of infested logs, primarily pieces of firewood, is a major pathway for long distance spread of the beetle. Firewood may be confiscated at campgrounds, rest-areas, and key transportation gateways. Treatment guidelines for handling and storage of confiscated firewood are urgently needed to prevent new establishments of A. planipennis. In three laboratory experiments, we evaluated the efficacy of using 4-mil-thick plastic bags to contain and prevent escape of beetles from infested firewood-sized logs. For all experiments, control logs were unbagged and kept in horizontal rearing tubes in the laboratory. Treatment logs were loosely double-bagged or tightly single-bagged, and held on open laboratory benches or in rearing tubes or cans. Beetles emerged from both control and treatment logs during the course of the experiments. With a single exception, all beetles emerging from treatment logs died within the bags with no escapees. The one exception was a beetle from a tightly single-bagged log that chewed through the plastic. In contrast, all beetles emerging from control logs were collected live in the rearing containers. Double bagging firewood to contain A. planipennis during transport or storage could be an inexpensive and effective way of preventing escape of beetles from ash firewood.
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Poland, Therese M.; Ciaramitaro, Tina M.; Pureswaran, Deepa S.; Diss-Torrance, Andrea 2008. Evaluating the use of plastic bags to prevent escape of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) from firewood. The Great Lakes Entomologist. 41(1&2): 40-48.
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