Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (41 KB bytes)

Title: Evaluation of Fumigants for Pest Management and Seedling Production in Southern Pine Nurseries

Author: Fraedrich, Stephen W.; Dwinell, L. David;

Date: 1998

Source: Proceedings of the Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emisssion Reductions, Dec. 7-9, 1998, Orlando, Florida

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: The South's forest-products industry, as well as nonindustrial private landowners throughout the region, depend on forest-tree nurseries for the continuing production of high quality seedlings that survive well and grow quickly when outplanted. In recent years, southern pine nurseries have produced 1.1 to 1.65 billion seedlings annually, a production level that accounts for 69 to 78 percent of all forest-tree seedlings produced in the United States. Nursery managers have long used methyl bromide as a key component of their pest management programs to provide broad-spectrum control of weeds, disease-causing organisms, nematodes, and insects. Many managers routinely fumigate after every second pine crop, although some still employ fumigation after every crop. The successful development of future integrated pest management (IPM) programs will depend upon identifying the pest problems that will affect nursery production in the absence of methyl bromide fumigation, evaluating potential alternative fumigants and other pesticides, and determining when they are needed.

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)

XML: View XML

Citation:


Fraedrich, Stephen W.; Dwinell, L. David 1998. Evaluation of Fumigants for Pest Management and Seedling Production in Southern Pine Nurseries. Proceedings of the Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emisssion Reductions, Dec. 7-9, 1998, Orlando, Florida

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.