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Title: Liriodendron growth on native and stripmine soils
Author: Ashby, W. Clark;
Source: In: Van Sambeek, J. W.; Dawson, Jeffery O.; Ponder Jr., Felix; Loewenstein, Edward F.; Fralish, James S., eds. Proceedings of the 13th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-234. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Research Station: 453-459
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Description: Liriodendron seedlings were planted each spring and fall for 5 years on unmined lands, ungraded spoils, graded to approximate original contour (AOC), and graded to contour with "topsoil" replaced. Survival was greatest on unmined lands and height greatest on ungraded ridge and valley spoil. No Liriodendron seedlings survived on AOC graded mine land. A few small trees survived on graded "topsoil" sites where surface materials had been segregated and replaced. Reclaimed sites with topsoil replaced were highly compacted and had a dense tall fescue grass ground cover. On unmined lands and ungraded spoils, Liriodendron seedlings outgrew black walnut and northern red oak seedlings.
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Ashby, W. Clark 2003. Liriodendron growth on native and stripmine soils. In: Van Sambeek, J. W.; Dawson, Jeffery O.; Ponder Jr., Felix; Loewenstein, Edward F.; Fralish, James S., eds. Proceedings of the 13th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-234. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Research Station: 453-459
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